Pharmaceuticals outside the therapeutic context

Pharmaceuticals are not always used in a therapeutic context - and therefore research involving pharmaceuticals will not always fall into 5.1 Pharmaceuticals or 6.1 Pharmaceuticals.

Established pharmaceutical compounds may be used in studies investigating mechanisms of action or aetiology (by disrupting pathways or blocking transmission) and it would then be appropriate to classify in 1.1 Biological or 2.1 Endogenous risks.

Pharmaceuticals may also be used in chemopreventative studies (3.3 Nutrition prevention).