Definitions of Health Categories

Categorysort icon Includes

Ischaemic and haemorrhagic


Dermatological conditions and normal skin development and function


Asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, respiratory diseases and normal development and function of the respiratory system

Reproductive Health and Childbirth

Fertility, contraception, abortion, in vitro fertilisation, pregnancy, mammary gland development, menstruation and menopause, breast feeding, antenatal care, childbirth and complications of newborns

Renal and Urogenital

Kidney disease, pelvic inflammatory disease, renal and genital disorders, and normal development and function of male and female renal and urogenital system


Conditions of unknown or disputed aetiology (such as chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis), or research that is not of generic health relevance and not applicable to specific health categories listed above

Oral and Gastrointestinal

Inflammatory bowel disease, Crohn's disease, diseases of the mouth, teeth, oesophagus, digestive system including liver and colon, and normal oral and gastrointestinal development and function


Dementias, transmissible spongiform encephalopathies, Parkinson's disease, neurodegenerative diseases, Alzheimer's disease, epilepsy, multiple sclerosis and studies of the normal brain and nervous system


Osteoporosis, osteoarthritis, muscular and skeletal disorders and normal musculoskeletal and cartilage development and function

Metabolic and Endocrine

Diabetes, thyroid disease, metabolic disorders and normal metabolism and endocrine development and function

Mental Health

Depression, schizophrenia, psychosis and personality disorders, addiction, suicide, anxiety, eating disorders, learning disabilities, autistic spectrum disorders and studies of normal psychology, cognitive function and behaviour

Injuries and Accidents

Fractures, poisoning and burns

Inflammatory and Immune System

Rheumatoid arthritis, connective tissue diseases, autoimmune diseases, allergies and normal development and function of the immune system


Diseases caused by pathogens, acquired immune deficiency syndrome, sexually transmitted infections and studies of infection and infectious agents

Generic Health Relevance

Research applicable to all diseases and conditions or to general health and well-being of individuals. Public health research, epidemiology and health services research that is not focused on specific conditions. Underpinning biological, psychosocial, economic or methodological studies that are not specific to individual diseases or conditions


Diseases of the eye and normal eye development and function


Deafness and normal ear development and function

Congenital Disorders

Physical abnormalities and syndromes that are not associated with a single type of disease or condition including Down's syndrome and cystic fibrosis


Coronary heart disease, diseases of the vasculature and circulation including the lymphatic system, and normal development and function of the cardiovascular system


All types of cancers (includes leukaemia)


Haematological diseases, anaemia, clotting and normal development and function of platelets and erythrocytes